“Whereas accessible design simply provides a token response to the needs of people with disabilities, universal design integrates the accommodation of disability with the basic concept of the design.”—1994. E. Steinfeld.
- Differs from accessible design
- Designed for use by all, including individuals with disabilities
- One solution that can accommodate people with disabilities as well as the rest of the population
- Considers young and old, right and left handed, those with children or aging parents ☼ Considers needs of multi-gender, multi-generational families
There are seven principles of Universal Design. They are listed below. In other postings, we will go in-depth into each principal.
1. Equitable Use–The design is useful and marketable to people with diverse abilities.
2. Flexibility in Use–The design accommodates a wide range of individual preferences and abilities.
3. Simple and Intuitive Use–Use of the design is easy to understand, regardless of the user’s experience, knowledge, language skills, or current concentration level.
4. Perceptible Information–The design communicates necessary information effectively to the user, regardless of ambient conditions or the user’s sensory abilities.
5. Tolerance for Error–The design minimizes hazards and the adverse consequences of accidental or unintended actions.
6. Low Physical Effort–The design can be used effectively and comfortably with a minimum of fatigue.
7. Size and Space for Approach and Use–Appropriate size and space is provided for approach, reach, manipulation, and use regardless of user’s body size, posture, or mobility